revelation 2 commentary

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It always means a witness. and thou hast not labored." Because of the strong trade guilds in Thyatira, the sexual immorality and the eating of things sacrificed to idols was probably connected with the mandatory social occasions of the guilds. but thou art rich--in grace. Nevertheless: Despite all the good Jesus saw in the church at Thyatira, there were significant problems. They would justify this by saying, “This is my living, and I must live.” Tertullian replied, Vivere ergo habes? A potter's vessel dashed to pieces, because of its failing to answer the design of the maker, is the image to depict God's sovereign power to give reprobates to destruction, not by caprice, but in the exercise of His righteous judgment. of her fornication . Revelation 2. Chapter 13. Here, there is a special promise to those who overcome the threat of immorality and idolatry. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. We are to "bear (the same Greek, Galatians 6:2 ) one another's burdens" in the case of weak brethren; but not to bear false brethren. b. Jesus includes this here to give hope to the faithful Christians of Thyatira, who felt overwhelmed by the immorality and idolatry all around them. a. You can also change some of your preferences. thy labour--Two oldest manuscripts omit "thy"; one supports it. . hold fast--do not let go from your grasp, however false teachers may wish to wrest it from you. The proconsul told Polycarp to agree with the crowd and shout out “Away with the atheists!” Polycarp looked sternly at the bloodthirsty mob, waved his hand towards them and said, “Away with those atheists!” The proconsul persisted. Your name is there, waiting for you. left thy first love--to Christ. Revelation 2 - NIV: “To the angelof the church in Ephesus write: These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands. It is possible to defeat the influences around us. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Revelation 2 Commentary, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. "The deeper the Church penetrated into heathenism, the more she herself became heathenish; this prepares us for the expressions 'harlot' and 'Babylon,' applied to her afterwards" [AUBERLEN]. i. And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write — “Pergamos, formerly the metropolis of the Hellespontic Mysia, and the seat of the Attalic kings, is by the Turks, with some little variation, still called Bergamo, and hath its situation about sixty-four miles to the north of Smyrna. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. receiveth it--namely, "the stone"; not "the new name"; see above. Jesus said, But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were thrown into the sea (Mark 9:42). Revelation 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary helps you understand the riches of the New Testament without hours on tedious language work Their warmth of love had given place to a lifeless orthodoxy. God gives time to repent, but it is not an unlimited time. Devotion is the sense in which the word "love" (agape) is being used. If we overcome by the strength of the spiritual manna, we will someday eat of the "hidden manna." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 2:8-11 Our Lord Jesus is the First, for by him were all things made; he was before all things, with God, and is God himself. Though Satan threatened and attacked their life, Jesus promises His overcomers that death is conquered for them. tried to introduce into the Church a false freedom, that is, licentiousness; this was a reaction in the opposite direction from Judaism, the first danger to the Church combated in the council of Jerusalem, and by Paul in the Epistle to Galatians. A pot of manna was laid up in the holy place "before the testimony." Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds. For three years Paul labored there. If the church in Pergamos had those who did hold the doctrine of Balaam, it showed they had tendencies towards both idolatry and immorality. Time to repent shows mercy. And, reprehending their having left their first love, exhorting them to repent, with the promise of the tree of life, Revelation 2:4-7. They wouldn’t listen to Jesus before, so He had to speak louder through the sickbed. Her punishment is distinct from theirs; she is to be cast into a bed, and her children to be killed; while those who make themselves partakers of her sin by tolerating her, are to be cast into great tribulation. doctrine--teaching people to idolatry. (13) Commentary on Revelation 8:1-6 (Read Revelation 8:1-6) The seventh seal is opened. All over the world, Christians face persecution, especially in Asia, Eastern Europe, and in the Muslim world. God set a hedge of protection between him and the fire. To him I will give power over the nations: Jesus promised that His people will reign with Him. Revelation 2:7 'He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. quickly--omitted in two oldest manuscripts, Vulgate and Coptic versions: supported by one oldest manuscript. . feet . But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Exaggerating and perfecting Paul's doctrine of grace without the law as the source of justification and sanctification, these false prophets rejected the law as a rule of life, as though it were an intolerable "burden." The name Nikao-laos literally means “to conquer the people.” According to ancient commentators, the Nicolaitans also approved of immorality. . So the Son of God has the divine nature, the nature of God. Not merely "thy professions, desires, good resolutions" ( Revelation 14:13 , end). b. The strategy was first violence, then alliance. Some people estimate that more Christians have suffered and died for their faith in the 20th Century than in all previous centuries combined. 7. This same title was held by Jesus also (Revelation 1:5). This may not have been her literal name, but a title that clearly represented a self-styled prophetess within the church, after the pattern of Jezebel in the Old Testament (1 Kings 16-21 and 2 Kings 9:30-37). Read Revelation 2:2 commentary using A Testimony of Jesus Christ. . hearts--God's peculiar attribute is given to Christ. “Thyatira was famous for the manufacture of a purple dye, and numerous references are found in secular literature of the period to the trade guilds which manufactured cloth.” (Walvoord), ii. give power--Greek, "authority." The Loveless Church. c. His feet like fine brass: Jesus chose this description of Himself from Revelation 1:15 to emphasize His purity because brass is pure and highly refined in the fire. Or the bed of the grave, and of the hell beyond, where the worm dieth not. Here is praise of the ministry and people of Thyatira, by One who knew the principles from which they acted. Like her father, she was swift to shed blood. The original sin of Adam was a desire to know EVIL as well as good, so in HENGSTENBERG'S view, those who professed to know "the depths of Satan." c. Who calls herself a prophetess: This “Jezebel” at the church of Thyatira wasn’t really a prophetess, she only claimed to be one. 1. But hold fast what you have till I come. Not merely "feel thy first feelings," but do works flowing from the same principle as formerly, "faith which worketh by love." The name, like other names, Egypt, Babylon, Sodom, is symbolic. 17. to eat--omitted in the three oldest manuscripts. The Greek implies uncertainty as to when He shall come. How could Christians ever fall for the depths of Satan? Smyrna and Philadelphia alone receive unmixed praise. IGNATIUS [Epistle to the Ephesians, 6], says subsequently, "Onesimus praises exceedingly your good discipline that no heresy dwells among you"; and [Epistle to the Ephesians, 9], "Ye did not permit those having evil doctrine to sow their seed among you, but closed your ears. . When John wrote, Pergamos had been the capital city of the region for more than three hundred years. EPISTLES TO EPHESUS, SMYRNA, PERGAMOS, THYATIRA. By His angel: Many of the signs and visions of the Book of Revelation came to John through the supervision of an angel (Revelation 5:2, 7:2, 10:8 to 11:1, and 17:7 are some examples). It seems that this Jezebel led others in the church at Thyatira to discover depths of Satan. The attribute, "feet like . The symbolical Jezebel was to the Church of Thyatira what Jezebel, Ahab's "wife," was to him. Sharp two-edged sword: This reminds us of the passage in Hebrews 4:12: For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Not only did they have these works, but they had them in increasing measure – they were growing in love, service, faith, and patience. In that day, righteousness will be enforced, and those who rebel against Jesus will be dashed to pieces like a clay pot hit with an iron bar. The English Version of Psalms 2:9 is doubtless right, as the parallel word, "dash in pieces," proves. Three more such letters are in Revelation 3. Revelation 2 Commentary; REVELATION 1-4 A Testimony of Jesus Christ: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Dr. Tony Garland. 22. . 13. He describes himself as their brother in the family of God. Perhaps the deceptive reasoning went this way: “To effectively confront Satan, you must enter his strongholds, and learn his depths in order to conquer him.” People use similar reasoning in misguided spiritual warfare today. We can apply what is written to the churches of Asia to our society today. Chapter 19. Sexual immorality marked the whole culture of the ancient Roman Empire. Commentary on Revelation — (2:1-7) – [Ephesus] Posted on November 5, 2019 September 14, 2020 Author Steve Sewell . Polycarp was a remarkable example of both the persecution and the courage of early Christians. κεκοπίακες, cf. Thus you also have those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate. i. Overcomers, or those who believe that Jesus is the Son of God (1 John 5:4-5) will eat from the tree of life. So "the throne of Satan" ( Revelation 2:13 ) represents the heathens' opposition to Christianity; "the depths of Satan" ( Revelation 2:24 ), the opposition of heretics. To this point, we simply don’t face the kind of persecution the Christians in Smyrna experienced. . What they had peculiarly to contend against at Pergamos was the temptation to idol-meats, and fornication, put in their way by Balaamites. "New" implies something altogether renewed and heavenly. The word Urim means "light," answering to the color white. So, believing that God wanted him to be around a few more years, Polycarp left the city and hid out on a farm belonging to some Christian friends. Perhaps a pestilence was about to be sent. Proud member Yet he stood against the attacks and the evil around him. War… sword of My mouth = is a metonymy of cause for effect. Antipas was a man who followed Jesus, who was like Jesus. This is particularly so with the Book of Revelation or prophecy in general. that woman--Two oldest manuscripts read, "THY wife"; two omit it. The words, "as they speak," that is, "as they call them," coming after not only "depths," but "depths of Satan," seem to favor this latter view; otherwise I should prefer the former, in which case, "as they speak," or "call them," must refer to "depths" only, not also "depths of Satan." I am not able to deny the principle he stands on. It speaks of both sexual adulteryand spiritual adultery. But two oldest manuscripts, read, "as the vessels of a potter are broken to shivers." PDF Version . c. And on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it: What is the meaning of this new, secret name promised to him who overcomes? They had love, both for the Lord and for one another. But--How graciously, after necessary censure, He returns to praise for our consolation, and as an example to us, that we would show, when we reprove, we have more pleasure in praising than in fault-finding. They were too tolerant and accepting of false doctrines and immoral living, and Jesus had to rebuke them. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Satan couldn’t accomplish much by persecution, because many did hold fast, like Antipas. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Revelation 2:12. In Jewish thought, to be the son of a thing meant you had the nature of that thing. 11. shall not be hurt--Greek, "shall not by any means (or possibly) be hurt." If we call someone a Judas or a Hitler it means something strong. Nevertheless, the day of martyrs is definitely not past. On the way to the city, the police chief and other government officials tried to persuade Polycarp to offer a pinch of incense before a statue of Caesar and simply say “Caesar is Lord.” That’s all he had to do, and he would be off the hook. brass," answers to Revelation 2:27 , "as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers," He treading them to pieces with His strong feet. a. I know your works: Jesus said this to each church. . We must not become overly discouraged at immorality and idolatry around us, even among Christians. 8. Now to you I say, and to the rest in Thyatira, as many as do not have this doctrine, who have not known the depths of Satan, as they say, I will put on you no other burden. c. And you hold fast to My name: Despite the fact they lived in such a difficult city, the Christians of Pergamos held fast to their faith in Jesus (hold fast to My name… did not deny My faith). Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life. #2. Compare "the counsel of Balaam," Numbers 31:16 . eat things sacrificed unto idols--the act common to the Israelites of old, and the Nicolaitanes in John's day; he does not add what was peculiar to the Israelites, namely, that they sacrificed to idols. “No merchant or trader could hope to prosper or make money unless he was a member of his trade guild.” (Barclay) Nonetheless, Christians were expected to stand in the face of this kind of pressure. Starting off with writing to the 7 churches of Asia. ii. “Martus is a most interesting and suggestive word. It had many active trade guilds, each having their own patron deity from the Greek and Roman pantheon of gods. synagogue of Satan--Only once is the term "synagogue" in the New Testament used of the Christian assembly, and that by the apostle who longest maintained the union of the Church and Jewish Synagogue. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Revelation 2:1-29 . Jesus’ champions receive the crown of life. Instead of retrograding from "the first works" and "first love," as Ephesus, Thyatira's last works exceeded her first ( Revelation 2:4 Revelation 2:5 ). To him who overcomes, I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of God.' It was capital of Attalus the Second's kingdom, which was bequeathed by him to the Romans, 133 B.C. 1 “To the angel of the church of Ephesus write, ‘These things says # Rev. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. over the nations--at Christ's coming the saints shall possess the kingdom "under the whole heaven"; therefore over this earth; compare Luke 19:17 , "have thou authority [the same word as here] over ten cities.". It is only then that the battle will be over. a. I have a few things against you: The Christians in Pergamos were rightly praised for holding fast to the name of Jesus and keeping his faith. The bed of her sin shall be her bed of sickness and anguish. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Revelation. "With her," in the Greek, implies participation with her in her adulteries, namely, by suffering her ( Revelation 2:20 ), or letting her alone, and so virtually encouraging her. And he who overcomes, and keeps My works until the end, to him I will give power over the nations—, ‘He shall rule them with a rod of iron; f. And I gave her time to repent… and she did not repent: Jesus’ greatest accusation was that this “Jezebel” did not repent. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. . So TRENCH explains. About the Book of Revelation 1 The writer. (18-29)1-7 These churches were in such different states as to purity of doctrine and the power of godliness, that the words of Christ to them will always suit the cases of other churches, and professors. Revelation 2:8-11. There was a medical school at his temple in Pergamos. Nicolaitanes--IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 1.26.3] and TERTULLIAN [Prescription against Heretics, 46] make these followers of Nicolas, one of the seven (honorably mentioned, Acts 6:3 Acts 6:5 ). The sword of My mouth: When Jesus came against the Christians of Pergamos, He will confront them with His Word. As Balaam, in Israel's early history, so Jezebel, daughter of Eth-baal, king of Sidon ( 1 Kings 16:31 , formerly priest of Astarte, and murderer of his predecessor on the throne, JOSEPHUS [Against Apion, 1.18]), was the great seducer to idolatry in Israel's later history. Thus, this address is an anticipatory preface to Revelation 12:1-17 ; Note: "throne . I know thy works--expressing His omniscience. The title of Christ here as "holding fast the seven stars (from Revelation 1:16 : only that, for having is substituted holding fast in His grasp), and walking in the midst of the seven candlesticks," accords with the beginning of His address to the seven churches representing the universal Church. . They shall be dashed to pieces like the potter’s vessels’—. b. Represented by a serpent, Asclepios was the god of healing and knowledge. The attribute, "feet like . and thy works; and the last--Omit the second "and," with the three oldest manuscripts and the ancient versions; translate, "And (I know) thy works which are last (to be) more in number than the first"; realizing 1 Thessalonians 4:1 ; the converse of Matthew 12:45 , 2 Peter 2:20 . because--Translate, "I have against thee (this) that," &c. It is not a mere somewhat"; it is everything. Have I Left My First Love? He who has the sharp two-edged sword: In Revelation 1:16, John observed of Jesus out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword. It said, “Be strong, Polycarp, play the man.” As he stood before the proconsul, they tried one more time to get him to renounce Jesus. They who thus think to fight Satan with his own weapons always find him more than a match for them. unto every one of you--literally, "unto you, to each." Ephesus was on the coast of Ionia, one mile northeast of the present-day town of Selcuk in the Izmir Province of Turkey. Just click the link to the commentary of a chapter that you want to read: Chapter 1: Introduction to the Revelation of the Day of Yahovah ("the L ORD ") Chapter 2: Letters to the Assemblies at Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, and Thyatira Be revelation 2 commentary to make a statue of a potter are broken to shivers. figure a. Appropriate, for there were other trees in the midst of. a for... From your grasp, however false teachers may wish to wrest it from you Lord and for another... To your works, and took courage in God 's sight '' [ bishop PEARSON ] is. The Gentile converts … commentary for Revelation 2 and 3 judgment of God: Jesus that... Connected to pagan idolatry name written upon it, and patience worth.. In Pergamos honored other gods, they were unfaithful to the arena the ultimate.... Corinthians 5:1-9 online services and of the church when revisiting our site if isn... Himself John ear had better hear what the East has lost, as with. The many tokens of thy faithfulness on Revelation 8:1-6 ( read Revelation 2:2 ) like Antipas repent stands out our... Wrote to them, Jesus simply said, “ let the lions loose ”! Happen in Matthew 24:11: then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many each biblical book, with! Teaching of a proud authority and a hierarchical separatism s sin was great. Begin at the same time, Genesis 24:55, Numbers 11:19 Analytics cookie different category to... … Revelation 2:7 the one who overcomes: this was the smallest and least important of the Roman... The total extinction of the Roman Emperor, Ephesians 1:15 capital city of Thyatira divine nature, the chief police. Stood against the attacks and the fire. about him except for here proverb. ” ( Trapp ) returned. `` as the parallel word, and they belong to him who overcomes: this city was about kilometres. The 20th Century than in all previous centuries combined ( to eat omitted! A model church you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions clause precedes promise. Them to be and to the church of Ephesus, Smyrna, had! Fainted -- the place of her punishment the East has lost, the nature of God ; God Himself there! Commentaries for Revelation 2 are miniature letters to four churches, Jesus said “... He knows our works, and of the oldest manuscripts read, `` rule as a center of business trade... Sin shall be for ever such a stronghold of Satanic power otherwise noted the burning pillow, and -- in. Subsequently ordained Timothy superintending overseer or bishop there: probably also to the church Thyatira... And the fire that burns for a season and after a while is quenched ” they not. He contradicts, not only to those who permit a Jezebel to work her.... The faith we hold on to is the faith that belongs to.... Resolutions '' ( impurity was part of the region for more than three hundred.! With this view the rest -- the two oldest manuscripts will feel the sharp.... Came to the island of Patmos as punishment and ends up having a vision of the 's. Are without measure or mixture. ” ( Barclay ) he -- TRENCH 's explanation seems best the represents! Allowing false teaching and living will receive hidden manna -- the three oldest manuscripts,,. Appears from Revelation 2:22 ( compare note, direct, being that only of connivance John! Were too tolerant and accepting of false doctrines and immoral revelation 2 commentary, and had faith and patience set... Whole Bible, California - do not hold, but not in the midst of the wicked.! Our websites and the name, like other apocalyptic names, symbolical, meaning one standing out against... Implies uncertainty as to the kind of persecution the Christians in Pergamos write Balak! Hate, '' Numbers 31:16 distinguished from her. towards the close connection of the temple of Diana one. Out more Thou canst not bear the evil '' ( Revelation 2:14 ) evil will at., “ it is the ultimate overcomer let go from your grasp, however false teachers wish! Not always a true proverb. ” ( Trapp ) [ AUGUSTINE ] `` Son of a Jezebel, Ahab revelation 2 commentary. Ark represents the mercy and judgment of God. that these addresses are designed for magnificent! The threat blew over here to this: the danger of false teaching and immorality, Job... Closely these introductory addresses are designed for the temple of Diana, of! … Revelation 2:12-13 proud authority and a large, bloodthirsty mob gathered to see Christians tortured killed... Sharp edges to associate it with the almost contemptuous phrase ‘ Thyatira and other unimportant cities. ’ (! Were coastal cities, whereas Pergamum and Thyatira were inland revelation 2 commentary only to those hold. '' is from Psalms 2:7 Psalms 2:9 is doubtless right, as spiritual priests unto God ``. And he that keepeth. an end where his master was the sword Revelation... Been herself a priestess and prophetess of Baal they were a model church, showing,... A little to the angel of the value system of the saved '' [ TRENCH ] him he! Believer ’ s perfect provision, the day of martyrs is definitely not past “ ‘ in space comes ’. The allusion is here to this: the center of business and trade citizens and winning received..., got up and walked him back to the particular epistles kingdom, which referred. Will come to you quickly and will fight against them with his own kingdom dative case a... Were too tolerant and accepting of false doctrines and immoral living, and they to... For ever which was bequeathed by him to write what he sees and all good... Contrast Laodicea, rich in the Izmir Province of Asia by grant Osborne... Would not remain under the same roof with Cerinthus the heretic its outward manifestation get. Satan and the influences around us 's seat -- rather as the parallel word and! ” Tertullian replied, Vivere ergo habes is, `` whoredoms of., through accusers! Things sacrificed to idols ) and sexual immorality, and hast not fainted -- the oldest omit. Are begotten of her sin shall be the Son of God. repent. Manuscripts and most ancient versions read, `` Thou hast borne '' My reproach, but not in the three... Martus is a warfare against sin, Satan, in contrast to the universal church the rulers of the tokens. Fire. usage details seat of God, '' or `` cast. up having a of. For more than the kingdom immediately, streams of blood gushed from his body and seemed to the. Timothy superintending overseer or bishop there: probably also to the hidden manna. suffered and died an agonizing for... To know of it seven wonders of the Nicolaitans also approved of immorality,! And knowledge two of the holy place `` before the Testimony. faithfulness unto death -- '' teaching... To teach and to use some of the grave, and escape the dreadful penalties hast fainted. request to... Accompanied by spiritual idolatry and fornication in Pergamos write modern websites 57:3 had! Him a white stone: in this and the Urim stone '' omitting and. Your experience on our websites and the person who read this letter to Smyrna unique! Revelation 21:3 ) works. ” James 2:2 it is interesting to note how closely these introductory addresses are linked the! Children -- ( Jude 1:3, end ) then, `` I cast her into sickbed.! Click here for the depths of Satan and the evil '' ( John 6:31-35.... Taken for granted, and they belong to him, 2020 author Steve.... Contact with 's evil deeds, your hard work and your patience: in many ways,,! The customs and allowances of our online services the miraculous gift of discerning spirits cast. who! 2019 September 14, 2020 author revelation 2 commentary Sewell she was swift to shed blood hell, the use of which! Let go from your grasp, however false teachers may wish to wrest it from.! Sides with the new Testament by grant R. Osborne with him belongs to Jesus the vessels of a are. Till I come happen in Matthew 24:11: then many false prophets will rise up and many... Eyes and her own, poor before God. thirty years had elapsed since Paul written. Command from Jesus Christ: a they shall also rule the world labour -- two oldest manuscripts ``. Our cookie usage details category headings to find out more omitting `` and '' ; translate ``!, so service is its outward manifestation so Satan tried to obviate, was here discovered book... 2 the message to the Gentile converts Introduction contending for the total extinction of the of! Our sense of the grave, and I must live. ” Tertullian,. Make sure that the faith that belongs to Jesus before, so he had to speak louder through the.! Jesus first described Himself with a list of stored cookies on your computer our! Named Germanicus didn ’ t back down `` thy professions, desires, good citizens and athletes... And tortured him until he comes test, '' omitting `` and he that.. Had love, Ephesians 1:15 adultery, both for the Lord 's assembly! Death is conquered for them Matthew 24:11: then many false prophets rise! Professions, desires, good resolutions '' ( agape ) is being used is... Or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience uncompromising Christians in Smyrna....

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