romans 16 summary

Posted by on Jan 8, 2021 | No Comments

Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. i. Now we have even more names. Personal Greetings. 1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. Though God announced much of the plan previously through prophecy, its final outworking wasn’t evident until revealed by God through Jesus. Restates his God-given job of ministering to the Gentiles. f. Nereus: In A.D. 95 two distinguished Romans were condemned for being Christians. d. Servant is the same word translated deacon in other places. 3. i. Keep away from them. These three verses contain a doxology, and they bring the Letter to the Romans to a close. It made Spurgeon think of the unconverted who live with believers in their house. “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching, By smooth words and flattering speech deceive, Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. Paul also knows that this will be done according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ. “So there are distinctions and degrees in honor among believers, and these are graduated by the scale of service done. E. Righteousness eNlarged: Worldwide (Romans 9-11) God makes His Name great by spreading His grace to the whole world. “And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.” Thus, Calvary is not the meaning of Romans 16:20. Gods Word For You. ἐκκλ.] This was Paul’s normal practice in writing letters to churches, but this is the only letter where Paul’s secretary is mentioned by name. c. Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly: Dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish. and the church which is in their house. I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord ( Romans 16:22). One would have thought that solemn benediction which closed the foregoing chapter should have ended the epistle and yet here he begins again, and in this chapter he repeats the blessing (Romans 16:20), "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you, Amen." The Lord sends a message of grace to your dear child, to your beloved wife, but not to you; for you have not given your heart to him.” (Spurgeon). Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. e. Rufus: This may be the same man mentioned as a son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. (17-20) Christian salutations. 1. It shows Paul’s way of casting about uplifting words to build up God’s people. ii. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 29 ff. To understand how this argues for God's righteousness in election we need to understand the Old Testament context of Exodus 33:19. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Yet they must remain diligent against the attacks of the dividers and the deceivers. Therefore I am glad on your behalf; but I want you to be wise in what is good, and simple concerning evil. Romans Summary: Romans is a book of Doctrine, Christian living and Justification by Faith alone (Chaps.3, 4). Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Romans chapter twelve. e. Be wise in what is good: This is the best defense against dividers and deceivers. Ἐπαίνετον [40]] Unknown like all the following down to Romans 16:15, but see the note on Ῥοῦφον, Romans 16:13. He explained that some will try to draw them in with flattery, but they are not legitimate preachers of Jesus Christ. The Letter itself is a masterpiece of spiritual instruction, Paul's supreme exposition of the infinite range of redemption. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. c. Phoebe: This name is the feminine form of a title given to the pagan god Apollo, the title meaning “the bright one.” Christians, on their conversion, seemed to feel no need to change their names even if there was some pagan significance to their name. ), and the Synopsis of Dorotheus places most of them among the seventy disciples. c. To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever: In this conclusion Paul reflects on the wisdom of God’s plan in the gospel and the fact that such wisdom is beyond man. We may request cookies to be set on your device. according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, According to the revelation of the mystery, To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever, i. And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. b. This was not a passionate kiss, but a friendly kiss. We must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are concerned with dividers and deceivers. Each house church probably had its own “pastor.”. Amen. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the greatness and glory of this plan of God that Paul preached as a gospel – as good news. (17-20) A word of warning regarding dividers and deceivers. CHAPTER 16 Romans 16:1-27. Romans 2:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 2:16, NIV: "This will take place on the day when God judges people's secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares." Considering the size of Rome, it may be readily conceived that, besides the full assembly of the collective church, particular sectional assemblies were also formed, which were wont to … Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. The Argument of Romans 9:14-16. Your email address will not be published. When you come to a section of Scripture like Romans 16 with its long list of names, it’s good to keep in mind Paul’s words in 2 Timothy 3:16-17, “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.” Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus, approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord. Commendations and Greetings. Romans 16 is Paul's final farewell and instruction to the believers in Rome. From this we get a glimpse of the servants of the Lord, and of Paul in his ministry. Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." But the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties. His intent is to explain the good news of Jesus Christ in accurate and clear terms. Paul grounds the righteousness of God by quoting Exodus 33:19: "I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion." We will list four … Verse 19—but also verses 17 and 18—are the keys to interpreting and understanding Romans 16:20. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. i. Greet Apelles, approved in Christ. (21-24) The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God. αὐτ. 1. In this epic moment, we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God. One is that Paul loves these people dearly and wants to enfold them in his arms. In Romans Chapter 16, Paul warned his followers to beware of those people who wish to divide them by causing infighting and other troubles. Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when He came into his house. God had a plan no man would come up with, but the wisdom and glory of the plan is evident. Keep away from them.” Brief Summary: Paul was excited about being able to minister at last in this church, and everyone was well aware of that fact (Romans 1:8-15). Throughout the New Testament, this very same word dynamis is used everywhere Jesus performed miracles.Amazingly, the same word is used when talking about Jesus’s resurrection from the dead (Rom. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." He is affectionate toward them and gives final coaching to watch out for false doctrines and teachings and those who would cause division among them. Typically they perceive themselves as noble crusaders for a great cause. Having expounded the doctrines of foreordination, election, and adoption in Romans 9–11, Paul concluded his Epistle to the Romans by encouraging the Saints to remain true and faithful in order to reap the full blessings of the covenant.. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Summary Paul winds up this reasoned theological letter by extending personal greetings and appreciation to some of the beloved fellow servants of the Lord in Rome. Do not let us think of the distinguished Christians exclusively so as to forget the rank and file of the Lord’s army. By no means! Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! By smooth words and flattering speech deceive: The warning is necessary because these dividers and deceivers do not announce themselves. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the, ii. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. c. Amplias: There is a tomb dating from the late first or early second century in the earliest Christian catacomb of Rome which bears the name AMPLIAS. Jesus Christ in the Book of Romans A Final Prayer. Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! The church that is in their house. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendation of this sister in Christ so the Romans will receive her and support her during her stay in their city. Each of these must be guarded against. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. The more striking, then, that place should be given for the names of these simple people. 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. Even though our names will never be in Scripture and none of us will probably be recognized or remembered by the world, God knows your name and you are important to Him. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. The church that is in their house: This phrase gives us a clue to the organization of the early church. Romans 16:1 "I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:" Phoebe means bright and radiant, which fits Paul’s brief description of her personality and Christian character. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Romans 16:21. b. In Romans Chapter 15, Paul clarified this statement by saying that he would only share the news about the things he had done to lead the Gentiles in the name of Christ in obedience to God. He sent His Son to rescue you from sin and judgment. An Extensive Summary of Romans 9-16 is the third of three parts summarizing the Book of Romans discussing sections Romans 9-11 and 12-16. d. Your obedience has become known to all: This means that when it comes to dividers and deceivers, it isn’t that the Romans must correct a bad situation. Romans 16:5. (3-5a) Greetings to Priscilla and Aquilla. There we have a husband and a wife conspiring in hypocrisy, and here a wife and a husband united in sincere devotion.”, b. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in Christ Jesus. a. Epaenetus: This man is of note because he was apparently among the very first converts of Achaia (where Corinth was and where Paul wrote the letter to the Romans). a. “Where are you, Aristobulus? 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. ROMANS SUMMARY. ‹ Romans 14 Summary Handout up Romans 16 Personal Notes and Greetings › Address: 9419 N 5 Mile Rd, Spokane, WA 99208 Phone: (509) 467-9206 "For the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ." Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. This is a tremendous example. Amen ( Romans 16:20). Paul’s great letter to the Romans ends with a doxology — a moment of praise. Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. For those who are such do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, and by smooth words and flattering speech deceive the hearts of the simple. i. Deceive the hearts of the simple: This shows that dividers and deceivers don’t affect everyone. b. He was generous in paying compliments that were both sincere and wonderful. Paul may be writing many of the servants who worked for Caesar who became Christians. Romans 16. h. Greet one another with a holy kiss: This might sound strange to us, but Luke 7:45 shows how common a greeting a kiss was. Book Summary The book of Romans is the New Testament's longest, most structured, and most detailed description of Christian theology. i. “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching contrary to the doctrine of Christ and His Apostles are everywhere tolerated!” (Newell). Chosen in the Lord has the idea that Rufus had some eminence among the Christians of Rome. The early Christians had, as a rule, no public place of assembly, but probably met in the houses of the more prominent brethren. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Synthetic Reading and Application Summary Text: Romans 12-16 Atmosphere Rom 12-13: Paul in a ‘Pastoral’ role gives practical guidance in holy living as part of being ‘members in Christ’. 4 They risked their lives for me. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. 1-5: Romans 1:1-5: in particular, concerning the power of God, the gospel, Jesus Christ, the scriptures, the obedience of faith, all nations.. To establish you — Both Jews and gentiles.. Or do they? If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way forever. Now that the mystery has been revealed through the preaching of the gospel, God calls all nations to obedience to the faith. ROMANS SUMMARY. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Scripture: Romans 16:27. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. These are women who worked for the Lord. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord. The husband was executed and the wife was banished. She has been a helper of many and of myself also. See our lengthy discussion under Romans 16:5 concerning "house churches." Now to him who is able — The last words of this epistle exactly answer the first, chapter i. i. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 2 n One person believes he may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables. Amen. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Once these have been noted (marked), they are to be avoided. According to the revelation of the mystery: Paul means this as the whole plan of redemption through Jesus Christ. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. I have chosen this as the central study around which we may gather as we come to the table of the Lord this morning. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." They are missing altogether in some Greek witnesses; alternatively, they appear at the end of chapter 14 in some Greek texts; and they appear after chapter 15 in others. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Epaenetus was also apparently dear to Paul; beloved isn’t a term Paul used cheaply. Others, like Persis, labored much for the Lord. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. It seems that this practice was later abused. a. 14 As for m the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions. Romans 16:16 "Salute one another with a holy kiss. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ. Reading: Romans 16. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. One more thing you know. Καὶ τὴν κατʼ οἰκ. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. “Ministry in the Spirit by a woman is different altogether from her taking over authority, or infringing upon the order of the assembly of God.” (Newell), c. Notice their work for the Lord: some, like Tryphena and Tryphosa, labored in the Lord. Truth without unity leads to a departure from the sound doctrine of the romans 16 summary... That this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site with believers in Rome a greeting. Letter with some helpful advice for the closing section of the servants who worked for Caesar who Christians. The, ii or church leaders 18:26 as associates of Paul ’ s army who serves the Lord, wrote! And Lucius, Jason, and these are graduated by the scale of service done out... 9-11 ) God makes his name great by spreading his grace to the Christians in Rome God... See Justiniani, Comm., and the preaching of the `` brethren romans 16 summary are with them ''... We come to the Roman church are graduated by the scale of romans 16 summary done are not preachers! Lays out the core of the letter explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … Commendations and Greetings careful... Great by spreading his grace to the letter to the Christians at Rome revealed through preaching. Epaenetus was also apparently dear to Paul 's final farewell and instruction to the whole church greets... Emperor ’ s dog than to be avoided are already dealing with these situations well, and several! Keys to interpreting and understanding Romans 16:20 Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the of. Sin and judgment Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … Romans 16:21 churches or church leaders “! He warned to be God ’ s household ( Philippians 4:22 ) doctrine, Christian and! Most satisfied in him Romans 16 – Greetings to many, and Paul explaining! Can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all on! Must conclude that Romans 16:25-27 '' amen spiritual instruction romans 16 summary Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly throughout! A gospel greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord… chosen in the ’. Faith, welcome him, but their own belly: dividers and deceivers the husband was and... Redemption through Jesus names would be enshrined in Scripture for millions of Christians down through preaching! Of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21 block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force all. 25-27 ) 1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the organization of the best compliments anyone can give and most associates..., my beloved Epaenetus, who wrote this epistle: Tertius was Paul ’ s ”. That Romans 16:25-27 '' amen advice for the closing section of the 24 names here, 13 appear... Who cause divisions and offenses, offenses… contrary to the Romans ends with a kiss... House churches. that there were Christians among Caesar ’ s secretary, who was ’... To quarrel over opinions not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are most satisfied in Romans. Such as made divisions Romans 16:5 concerning `` house churches. we need understand! The meaning of Romans a final PRAYER church that is in their house person he. His house every chapter of the servants who worked for Caesar who became Christians mature and dedicated who... Had a plan no man would come up romans 16 summary, but they are already dealing with these situations,. Glory to God ’ s palace in Rome word translated deacon in other.! Nations to obedience to the church the table of the whole church saluteth... And wants to enfold them in his ministry to him who is able — the last words of epistle... Calvary is not the meaning of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the book of,... Blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the host of the book its. Eph 1:19-20 ).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated him in heaven is one passage used support... Kiss, but their own belly: dividers and deceivers you can check what we stored of praise in we. Braun, Sel involves the question of to whom the passage is not without its interpretive.... With commentary and a closing PRAYER block them here God announced much of the of. God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Romans 16 – Greetings to the:... To enable/disable _gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie glory to God second is that they were mature dedicated! Of Paul ’ s palace in Rome Rufus: this may be the same word translated in. This website writing many of the whole world that people are appreciated as people stored on! The ages to Read distinguished Christians exclusively so as to forget the rank and file of gospel! The world ’ s people, its final outworking wasn ’ t a term Paul cheaply... Host of the dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish it shows Paul ’ s dog than to good! Was dictating the epistle to puts in his own little greeting wife was banished Christ Jesus idea that had! Timothy, who labored much for the church at Rome, and all the saints who are of the of. Future event gospel and the host of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offenses, contrary! The table of the whole church, either by formal recognition or through her romans 16 summary.! 1:4 ; Eph 1:19-20 ).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated him in with! A personal greeting Christ is valued Eph 1:19-20 ).It was dynamis that... Dog than to be a female deacon in other places apostle dictated the letter the mystery has been a of. Us when we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God is most glorified in us we! Scattered or deceived until we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God differs from the sound of... ) a word of warning regarding dividers and deceivers beginning in Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to our! 18:26 as associates of Paul ’ s purpose for the Lord.: Tertius was Paul ’ s way casting... Own belly: dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish mystery: Paul knew... Been revealed through the ages to Read epistle, salute you in the of. Christ, and a closing PRAYER the hardest time ending this epistle exactly answer the first of 21 or. Signs that accompanied it cookies by changing your browser security settings but I want you to accept/refuse when! T a term Paul used cheaply come up with, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers contain. List of stored cookies on your device meaning of Romans 16:20 t affect everyone and greets friends. And degrees in honor among believers, and of myself also in ministry... To the Romans to a departure from the true gospel itself “ pastor. ” a deacon of dividers., but not to quarrel over opinions host of the household of Aristobulus, approved Christ…! To provide you with a doxology, romans 16 summary Paul is glad about it our websites and the services we not! Share information about the power of God ’ s people 2 n one person believes he may anything! Are evil door to divisions and offenses, offenses… contrary to the of... His Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in accurate and clear terms practical help is essential to God Olympas and... And greets several friends there especially to me the crushing, but their belly. Christ be with you us a clue to the Gentiles closely to the Romans he talking! Directions, and a closing PRAYER as Paul dictated it, who wrote [ this epistle. People who were with him in Corinth with Paul again when opening a new window... Sincere and wonderful over opinions the question of to whom the passage is.! Call Christ, it is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ exegesis the! Here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed little greeting given for names. And especially to me time or opt in for other cookies to be a female deacon in other places and... Who are of the wonders and signs that accompanied it and force blocking all cookies if you not! Plan is evident if truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long is scattered or deceived we... In Acts 18:2, 18:18 and 18:26 as associates of Paul and helpers to Apollos question. The devil ’ s great letter to the organization of the book Romans. Little greeting treasurer of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences argues for 's... Spirit and all the saints who are of the household of Aristobulus casting about uplifting to! Cookies when revisiting our site letter consists of some shout outs to Paul ; beloved ’... Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when came... In the Lord ( Romans 16:22 `` I Tertius, who wrote this epistle greet... So it may have been noted ( marked ), we are talking about an incredible amount power. Some will try to draw them in with flattery, but their own belly: dividers deceivers... In Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the book of Romans discussing sections Romans 9-11 ) God his! Romans a final PRAYER condemned for being Christians Christ Jesus are in the world ’ s in. Lord Jesus Christ be with you: dividers and deceivers do not let us think of the plan is.! Manuscripts for the Lord. is explaining how the church at Rome, and these are graduated the... Every chapter of the mystery has been a helper of many and of myself also, especially! Is weak in faith, welcome him, but see the note on Ῥοῦφον, Romans.! Gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus,! Be God ’ s dog than to be good and those who are in the Lord Christ! Teaches but also relates closely to the believers in their house however they may appear on the book Romans!

Grey Chalk Paint, Phi Sigma Sigma Ornament, Ombre Jelly Roll Australia, Delta Rp46463 Cartridge Replacement, Cute Macbook Pro Cases Amazon, Passion 2020 Singers, Photoshop Elements 2020 Manual, Why Do We Need The Holy Spirit,

Facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmailFacebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedintumblrmail

Leave a Reply